|Friday, 02 September 2011 15:11|
National programme on orientation of medical officers working in primary health centres to Disability Management :
Why the National Programme?
The Persons With Disabilities (Equal Opportunities, Protection of Rights and Full Participation) Act, 1995, passed by the Indian Parliament seeks, inter alia, to create a conducive environment in the country to facilitate equal participation of and giving an opportunity to the disabled to join the mainstream and contribute increasingly in the process of nation building. The act also prescribesin Chapter IV (d) to provide training to the staff in the Primary Health Centres (PHCs) to help create better service facilities in thecountry. The Primary Health Centre (PHCs) network in India is largely rural-based and it is the only structure within the health services delivery mechanism, which functions throughout the nook and corner of the country and has got necessary minimum infrastructure to providevarious services for the people living in rural areas. Hence, the Rehabilitation Council of India (RCI) felt that sensitizing the Medical Officers working in the Primary Health Centre on some of the important aspects of disability prevention, early identification, intervention, referral and rehabilitation, valuable services could be rendered to the people of rural areas.
Launching and Implementation of the Programme
The programme was launched throughout the country on 30th July 1999. It s being implemented in two stages. In the first stage, Master Trainers including Medical and Rehabilitation Professionals are trained and in the second, the trained Master Trainers orient the Medical Officers to disability management. The Programme is implemented in various States of the country under the direct supervision of a State Implementation Committee (SICOM) constituted under the Chairmanship of the State Health Secretary or a Designated Officer. The Secretaries/ Representatives of the Departments of Welfare and Education are also included in the Committee to give the programme wider thrust. After the SICOM is formally constituted in a State, the State's Health Department issuesletters to the District Medical Officers/ Civil Surgeons to depute the Medical Officers of the Primary Health Centre to participate in the programme.An Apex Co-ordination Committee is also constituted by the RCI to co-ordinate, monitor and evaluate programme implementation at the country level.
Normally, nine Medical and Rehabilitation Professionals participate in a Master Training batch and 20 Medical Officers participate in a Primary Health Centre Medical Officers' orientation batch. So far, 642 Master Trainers have been trained up to March 04. and 18,519 Primary Health Centre Medical Officers have been trained.
The programme is implemented by selected government and non-government agencies. These agencies have been selected to impart training because of their distinguished experience in delivery of disability/ rehabilitation services and also on the basis of possessing suitableinfrastructure , faculty, laboratory, equipment, etc. The council is in the process of extending the programme to unrepresented states soon.
Strengthening of Institutional Training Capacity by Provision of Training Material
A Manual containing the prescribed curriculum by various experts on disability/ rehabilitation, an Information Booklet incorporating various relevant information like the structure, function, etc. of the RCI, concessions offered to the persons with disabilities by the Central Government, nodal agencies working in the field of disability, special employment exchanges, vocational rehabilitation centres etc., a list of organisations working in various areas of disability in different States/ Union Territories (UTs), a list of concessions offered by the concerned States/ UTs, Video Cassettes on various areas of disability have been provided by the RCI to help the training institutions provide better quality of training.
Expected Benefits of the Programme
The programme is expected to generate the following benefits in the short as well as in the long run.
This programme is first of its kind in the following aspects :
|Last Updated on Thursday, 02 February 2012 15:48|