|Friday, 19 August 2011 15:11|
It lies in the eastern coast of the southern Indian Peninsula. It is home to one of the classical languages of India, Tamil. Tamil, the official language of the State, is the mother of other Dravidian languages. Tamil Nadu State (formerly known as Madras State) is located in the south eastern side of Indian peninsula with Kanyakumari as the southernmost tip of the land. This tip is the meeting point of Bay of Bengal, Indian Ocean and Arabian Sea. Tamil Nadu has a long eastern coastline dotted with enchanting beaches with Bay of Bengal in the east.
According to Census 2001, total population of Tamil Nadu is 62,405,679, out of this 1642497 persons are living with disability. Department of Rehabilitation is the concerned authority for the welfare of Person with Disability in Tamil Nadu.
CHAPTER – IV - Rehabilitation of the Disabled
4.1 The Government of Tamil Nadu is geared to provide an enabling environment for disabled people to achieve livelihood security, equality, full participation in community life, and more independence and self-determination. The State Government has a vision to create a society where disabled and non disabled persons work together and are accepted as equal partners. This Government focuses on the prevention of disabilities and providing timely assistance to Persons with Disabilities to lead as normal a life as possible within the family and the community. This Government aims at early detection of disabilities and provision of comprehensive services in medical, vocational, economic and social spheres in order to make the disabled self-supporting citizens and integral part of the society. It is the joint responsibility for the Government, NGOs, Entrepreneurs, Philanthropists, and the Community as a whole to work towards the welfare of the disabled.
The Department for Rehabilitation of the Disabled discharges the following functions for the welfare of the Disabled.
4.2 Implementation of Persons with Disabilities Act, 1995
Tamil Nadu leads other States in implementing the various provisions of the PWD Act, 1995. The Persons with Disabilities Act, 1995, enacted to give equal opportunities to the disabled, to protect their rights in order to integrate them with the normal society and to enable them to have full participation in the normal life, is a boost for the Disability Sector. A State Commissioner for the Disabled has been appointed in Tamil Nadu to monitor the implementation of the Act, besides his role as Head of the Department for Rehabilitation of the Disabled. The views sought by the Government of India to make amendments to various provisions for effective implementation will be sent shortly.
4.3 Population of the Disabled in the State
As per Census of India-2001 Report, the total disabled population in Tamil Nadu State is 16,42,497. The breakup details are as follows:
In order to have a sound database on Disabled Population in the State, the State Government has decided to launch a State-wide survey to gather details relating to disabled population. The State Government has sanctioned Rs.5 lakhs for this purpose.
4.4 Special Education for the Disabled
Special Education is provided to the disabled through the Special Schools. There are 23 Government Special Schools – 10 for the Blind, 11 for the Deaf, one for the Severely Locomotor Disabled and one for the Mentally Challenged run by Government. The following facilities are provided to the disabled studying in Government Special Schools:
4.5 Establishment of 10 Early Intervention Centers
Early Intervention Centres for Infants and young children with hearing impairment have been established in 10 Districts - Chennai, Madurai, Coimbatore, Tiruchy, Tiruvarur, Salem, Kanniyakumari, Tiruvallur, Sivaganagai and Tirunelveli. These centres are managed by reputed NGOs. The main objective of these centres is to identify infants and young children with hearing impairment and to provide early intervention services, with support and training to parents and families to facilitate the maximum development of the full potential of their children with hearing disabilities. Only children aged less than 2 ½ years with hearing impairment without any additional disabilities are admitted in these centres, so that by the time they become 5 years old, they can develop verbal language skills and get ready for admission into I standard of regular School and thereby get integrated.
4.6 Cash Award to Visually Handicapped Students
Visually Handicapped students, who have studied in Tamil Medium and secured first three ranks at District and State level in 10th and 12th Public Examinations, are awarded with cash prize as noted below:
Further, financial assistance is provided to visually handicapped students for pursuing higher studies.
4.7 Providing Tape Recorders with pre recorded Cassettes to the Visually Handicapped Students:
Visually Handicapped Students find it difficult to get “Readers” to read the lessons for them whenever they are in need of. To overcome this problem, Tape recorders with Pre-Recorded Lesson Cassettes are provided to Visually Handicapped Students, who are studying in the Government Higher Secondary School for the Blind at Poonamallee and Tiruchirapalli and Government High School for the Blind at Thanjavur. 107 students get this benefit and a sum of Rs.1.83 Lakhs has been spent for this scheme in the year 2006-2007.
4.8 Computers with ‘Talking Software’ to the Government Higher Secondary Schools for the Blind
In order to expose Visually Handicapped students to the use of Computers, 10 Computers with ‘Talking Software’ are provided to the Government Higher Secondary School for the Blind at Poonamallee and Tiruchirapalli. 5 Computers are given to each School costing Rs.13.66 Lakhs.
4.9 Starting Of B.Com. and B.C.A. Courses for the Hearing Impaired Students
B.Com. and B.C.A. courses will be started exclusively for the Hearing Impaired students in the Presidency College at Chennai during the year, 2007-2008. This will enable the Deaf students to pursue higher education and improve their standard of living.
4.10 (a) SCHOLARSHIP TO THE DISABLED
The State Government is providing scholarship to disabled students undergoing education up to post graduate level towards purchase of study materials as indicated below:
(b) READERS ALLOWANCE:
The State Government is providing Readers Allowances for the visually handicapped students along with scholarship at the following rates.
4.11 Scribe Assistance to Visually Impaired Persons
The visually handicapped students studying IX Std. to XII Std. are permitted to engage a scribe for their school examinations and a sum of Rs.50/- per paper is paid to each scribe. 400 Visually Disabled students studying in the following schools get this benefit every year.
Teachers of the Special Schools require special training, because they handle different categories of children who are suffering from various disabilities. The duration of the programme is ten months. The details of the Training Programme are given below:
4.13 Secondary Grade Teachers Training (Diploma in Teacher Education) to Visually Handicapped and Orthopaedically Handicapped:
It is the aim of this Government to conduct suitable training programmes to generate employment opportunities for the disabled persons. Secondary Grade Teachers Training (Diploma in Teacher Education-DTE) Programme is conducted at the Government Higher Secondary School for the Blind at Poonamallee. Every year 25 Visually handicapped and 25 Orthopaedically Handicapped persons undergo this two year Course. This will ensure more employment opportunities to the visually handicapped and orthopaedically handicapped persons.
4.14 Government Regional Braille Press
The Regional Braille Press is functioning in the campus of the Government Higher Secondary School for the Blind, Poonamallee to supply Braille Books for Visually Handicapped students. It has been modernised by installing two units of computerised mini Braille Printer.
4.15 Modern Training Cum Production Workshop (MTCPW), Guindy, Chennai
A Modern Training cum Production Workshop located at Guindy, Chennai, functions under the direct control of the State Commissioner for the Disabled and it undertakes Designing, Production and Manufacturing of Tricycles and Wheel chairs to meet the requirements of District Rehabilitation Centres every year. The finished Tricycles and Wheel chairs are distributed to the identified and eligible needy disabled persons through the District Disabled Rehabilitation Officers.
4.16 Government Rehabilitation Home with Sheltered Workshop for the Blind Women, Poonamallee
The State Government is organizing a training programme for the visually handicapped women to generate income. Visually handicapped Women in the age group of 18-40 years (45 years in the case of SC/ST) are given training in Chalk-Piece Making and Weaving in the Government Rehabilitation Home with Sheltered Workshop for the Blind women at Poonamallee. On completion of this training, they are given job in the Home itself in weaving bed sheets, towels, bandage cloth and chalk-piece making. These products are sold to hospitals and schools. At present 19 blind women are staying as inmates in the Home.
4.17 Training for Physically Handicapped Persons through District Rehabilitation Centres
The Department for Rehabilitation of the Disabled is conducting the following Training Programmes for Disabled persons through the District Rehabilitation Centres.
4.18 Training for Visually Handicapped Persons
The Department for Rehabilitation of the Disabled is conducting the following training programmes for the Visually Impaired persons at the Government Industrial Training Centre for the Blind at Poonamallee.
4.19 Free Surgical Correction for Polio and Spinal Cord Affected Persons
Special medical camps are conducted by the Department for identification of spinal cord injured and polio affected persons in need of surgical correction through the District Rehabilitation Centres. On Identification, the disabled persons requiring surgery are sent to the Medical College Hospital / District Headquarters hospitals for Surgical Correction so as to enable them to walk freely and carry out their regular activities of daily living without the support of others and to eke out their livelihood independently.
The disabled persons, who undergo surgical correction are given Rs.500/- to meet out expenses during their stay at the hospitals and Rs.300/- is given as Honorarium to the Doctors and Nurses, who perform the surgery.
4.20 Free Supply of Aids and Appliances to the Disabled
Aids and Appliances enhance the productivity of the disabled persons and enable them to move from one place to another place and lead an independent life. The following types of Aids and Appliances are provided to the identified and needy physically disabled persons, free of cost, according to their disability, usage of limbs, power and requirement of appliances through the District Rehabilitation Centres.
The Government have proposed to provide the latest modular functional artificial limbs available in the country to the student amputees who have lost their original limbs. For this year, this may benefit 83 students and the cost of the above modular functional artificial limb is Rs.30,000/-
From 2007-2008, Motorised tricycle costing RS.35,000/- will be supplied to the severely disabled students numbering 60 at free of cost. Further, a subsidy of 30% of the cost of motorized tricycle / motor cycle or Rs.10,000/- whichever is less is given to 290 disabled working persons.
4.21 Reservation for the Disabled
The State Government is determined to implement the Policy of Reservation for the disabled effectively. 3% vacancies/seats arising in all the State/Public Services and Educational Institutions under Government, Government-Aided and Local Bodies have been reserved for the disabled. Of these vacancies, 1% has been reserved for Visually Handicapped, 1% for Speech and Hearing Impaired and 1% for Locomotor Disabled.
In the Education Department, with regard to teaching posts, 2% of vacancies have been reserved for the visually handicapped persons and 2% of vacancies in non-teaching posts have been reserved for hearing impaired persons.
Orders were issued to follow the Roster pattern of the Government of India while filling up 3% vacancies in Government Departments / Undertakings with disabled persons.
Orders were also issued by this Government to carry forward the vacancies earmarked for disabled persons, which were not filled up due to non-availability of disabled persons in the recruitment year, for a further period of 3 years.
Special recruitment drive
The Government have decided to hold a special recruitment test for employing the disabled in the backlog vacancies under 3% reservation through Tamil Nadu Public Service Commission. This will cover vacancies of posts which come under the purview of the TNPSC
4.22 Unemployment Allowance to the Unemployed Visually Handicapped
Unemployed visually handicapped persons are paid unemployment allowance as indicated below for a period of 10 years or up to the age of 40 years (45 years in the case of SC/ST) or till they get employment, whichever is earlier:-
Various Training Programmes are organized to impart skills to the Disabled persons so as to engage them in Self-Employment. The Department is taking effective steps to assist the disabled persons to avail loan from the Nationalised Banks for self-employment ventures, including setting up of Bunk stalls. Subsidy equal to 1/3 of loan amount or Rs.3000/-, whichever is less, is sanctioned by the Government. Bunk stall subsidy of Rs.5,000/- or 1/3 of the loan amount, whichever is less, is given to disabled persons, who desire to install Bunk Stall in public places.
Women with disability are given training for self-employment and loan for starting small business. Disabled persons in rural areas are given priority in handicrafts and to run petty shops.
Special Self-Help Groups are formed exclusively with persons with disabilities and financial assistance is provided to these Groups to start self-employment ventures.
Further, the State Government is taking effective steps to provide assistance for self-employment ventures through the Schemes sponsored by the National Handicapped Finance and Development Corporation, Government of India.
4.24 Issue of National Identity Card, Pass Book and Disability Certificate
The State Government is giving top priority for issue of National Identity Cards to all the eligible disabled persons in the State. As per the Persons with Disabilities Act 1995, Disability Certificates are issued by the District Medical Board for Persons with Disabilities formed at the District Medical College Hospital and District Head Quarters Hospitals on a specific day/days of the week. The District Medical Board for the Persons with Disabilities consists of 3 members, of whom one member is a Specialist in the field of ENT/ Ophthalmology/ Ortho/ Psychiatrist/ Pediatrician. No fee is collected from persons with disabilities for issuing these Certificates.
Regular camps are conducted throughout the State at Block and Taluk levels for issuing Identity Cards. 50 Medical Boards for Persons with Disabilities are functioning in Tamil Nadu. Students with disabilities are given Identity Cards through special camps conducted at the School premises of Special Schools / SSA Schools / IED Schools.
4.25 Concessions to Persons Marrying Disabled Persons
To encourage persons marrying disabled persons, the following concessions are given by the Government:-
The quantum of Marriage Assistance has been raised from Rs.10,000/- to Rs.20,000/- by this Government during 2006-07.
4.26 Free Travel Concession to the Disabled Persons in State Owned Transport Corporation Buses
The State Government is implementing the scheme of providing free bus passes to benefit various disabled persons to travel in State owned Transport Corporation Buses. The Visually Handicapped persons are permitted to travel free of cost in the Government Transport Corporation Buses up to 100 Kms from their residence without any condition. The concessions have been extended to other disabled persons with certain conditions in order to pursue their education, visit hospitals, training centres and undertake employment. The visually handicapped and orthopaedically handicapped persons are permitted to travel to their native place and back within the State once in a year in Express buses. Mentally challenged are permitted to travel with one escort, free of cost without income limit.
4.27 Registration of Non-Governmental Organisations Working for the Rehabilitation of the Disabled Persons
It is mandatory for the NGOs providing various services to the disabled persons to get registered under the Persons with Disabilities Act, 1995. Any Non-Governmental Organisation providing any rehabilitation services to persons with disability in the State should register themselves in the office of the State Commissioner for the Disabled, who is the competent authority for the purpose of Registration under Section 52 of the Persons with Disabilities (Equal Opportunities, Protection of Rights and Full Participation) Act, 1995.
4.28 Barrier free Environment for the Disabled Persons
The State Government is taking various steps to provide barrier free environment for the disabled persons. This is to ensure integration of disabled persons with the mainstream. As per the provisions envisaged under Persons with Disabilities (Equal Opportunities, Protection of Rights and Full Participation) Act, 1995, the Development Control Rules (DCR) for Chennai Metropolitan Development Area have been amended for provision of ramps and other barrier free facilities in Public Buildings for the benefit of physically handicapped persons. The State Government has directed the Public Works Department, Highways Department, Transport Department and Municipal Administration Department to take necessary steps to provide barrier free environment for disabled persons so as to ensure full participation of the disabled persons in all the activities of the society.
4.29 Maintenance Allowance to Severely Handicapped
The amount given as Maintenance Allowance to the severely handicapped has been raised from Rs.200/- to Rs.500/- per month with effect from 1.9.2006. Maintenance Allowance is sent to the residence of disabled persons through money order every month. The number of Severely Disabled Persons availing maintenance allowance has been increased from 8400 to 10,000 by this Government during 2006-07. Government has decided to provide all severely mentally retarded persons with the same pension as for severely handicapped persons, without any ceiling as to their number or income.
4.30 (a) Sheltered Home for Adult Mentally Challenged Girls
To protect the adult mentally challenged girls above 14 years, the Government offers grants-in-aid to Non-Governmental Organisations for running sheltered Homes. Under this scheme, five Homes at Madurai, Salem, Tuticorin, Sivagangai and Vellore have been sanctioned a grant of Rs.2.50 lakhs per Home for rehabilitating 30 girls in each Home every year.
(b) Home for the Mentally Ill
In order to take care of the Mentally ill persons, the Government has established a Home for the Mentally ill at Thirupathur in Vellore District. Uthavum Ullangal, a local NGO manages this Home. This Home creates social awareness in the community about the capabilities of the persons with Mental illness. The Home gives shelter for 25 mentally ill persons.
4.31 Three day Care Centres for the Mentally Challenged Children in Theni District established through Non-Governmental Organisations
Three day care centers for the mentally challenged are functioning in Theni District, benefiting 90 children. Non-Governmental Organisations manage these centres with the grants-in-aid assistance provided by the Government of Tamil Nadu.
4.32 Grants-in-Aid Assistance to Run Special School for the Persons with Mental Retardation
In Theni District one Special School run by Non-Governmental Organisation benefiting 25 mentally retarded children is functioning with the assistance of Government.
Further, Grant-in-aid is provided to one Special School each in Chennai, Salem and Coimbatore benefiting Mentally Retarded Children
4.33 Registration of Psychiatric Rehabilitation Centres
Tamil Nadu Registration of Psychiatric Rehabilitation Centres for Mentally ill Persons Rules, 2002, has been notified to regulate the Psychiatric Rehabilitation Centres for the Mentally ill persons for the first time in India. All the Psychiatric Rehabilitation Centres should be registered as per these Rules.
4.34 Assistance to Physically Handicapped Law Graduates
Fifteen Physically Handicapped Law graduates are given financial assistance of Rs.3000/- each to register at Bar Council as Lawyers and for purchase of Law books.
4.35 International Day of the Disabled
‘International Day of the Disabled’ is observed on 3rd December every year by the State Government in accordance with the United Nations Organisation’s appeal. The main aim of observing this day is to encourage the disabled persons to showcase their different skills and abilities in the field of Arts and Sports. In connection with the International Day of the Disabled, “State Level Sports Meet” is conducted. As many as 5000 disabled children participate from all over the State. 102 sports events are conducted and prizes distributed to winners and certificates issued to all the participants. On 3rd December, cultural programme is also conducted to bring out the talent of disabled children. On this day, State Awards are distributed to the Best Employer, Best Social Worker, Best Employee, Best Teacher and Best Institution, who render outstanding service for the welfare of the disabled. Aids and Appliances are also distributed on this occasion to the disabled persons.
4.36 State Awards
To encourage the persons who are involved in the services for the disabled, the following Awards are presented by the State Government during Independence Day and International Day of the Disabled. Details of State Awards given on the occasion of Independence Day:-
Details of State Awards given on the occasion of International Day of the Disabled (On 3rd December of every year):-
4.37 National Awards:
National Awards are distributed by the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment, Government of India on the occasion of International Day of the Disabled, which is observed on 3rd December every year. The Awards are presented to Best Disabled Employee, Employer, Placement Officer, Institution, Individual, Creative Disabled, Creative Disabled Children, Best Role Model and also for New Technological Innovations useful for the disabled persons. Every year 70 National Awards in 12 categories are given by the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment. During 2006-07, Tamil Nadu has received six National Awards.
4.38 District Rehabilitation Centres
Tamil Nadu is the only State in the Country having District Rehabilitation Centres in all the Districts. District Rehabilitation Centres are functioning in the State with State fund in all the 30 Districts. These District Rehabilitation Centres identify the disabled persons and provide necessary rehabilitation assistance depending on the nature of disability.
4.39 Blind Recanners Employed in the District Rehabilitation Centres
At present 26 Blind Recanners are working in the District Rehabilitation Centres (Except Chennai and Madurai) in the time scale of pay of Rs.2550-55-2660-60-3200.
4.40 National Programme For Rehabilitation of Persons with Disabilities (NPRPD)
The National Programme for Rehabilitation of Persons with Disabilities (NPRPD) Scheme is implemented in six Districts, namely Kancheepuram, Tiruvannamalai, Ramanathapuram, Theni, Thanjavur and Tiruvarur. The NPRPD aims at providing rehabilitation services at Gram Panchayat level. The main objective of the scheme is to provide Community Based Rehabilitation services to the disabled population in these Districts.
As a part of this scheme, a State Resource-Cum-Training Centre (SRTC) is functioning at Chennai and conducting training programme for Government servants and others on rehabilitation of the Disabled.
4.41 National Trust
The National Trust Act for the welfare of persons with Autism, Cerebral Palsy, Mental Retardation and Multiple Disabilities, was enacted in 1999 with the main objective to enable and empower persons with these disabilities to live as independently and as fully within as close to the community to which they belong. In order to fulfill this objective, Local Level Committees (LLC) have been formed in the Districts to effectively implement the programs of the National Trust with District Collector as the Chairman of the Local Level Committee. An amount of Rs.10000/- per annum is allotted to each Local Level Committee to take up activities, which includes awareness generation, appointment of legal guardians, sensitization of Non-Governmental Organisations highlighting the salient features on National Trust, etc.
4.42 Government Rehabilitation Homes
10 Rehabilitation Homes are functioning in the following 10 places with a view to extending medical assistance and rehabilitation to persons suffering from leprosy.
Each Government Rehabilitation Home has a sanctioned strength of 400 adults and 25 children. Admission is voluntary after medical confirmation of the disease. The Government Rehabilitation Home, Ulundurpet admits leprosy beggars who are convicted by Judicial Magistrate. The patient is admitted along with his or her family members. Discharge from the Home is either on good health condition or on disciplinary grounds.
Inmates are provided with free boarding, lodging, clothing, medical facilities, and recreation facilities, such as games, library, musical instruments and television. Able inmates are trained in mat weaving, cloth weaving, tailoring and shoe-making. They are paid wages for the goods produced by them.
Each inmate is supplied diet at a cost of Rs.20/- per day for adults and Rs.15/- per day for children. On special occasions such as Pongal, Deepavali and Gandhi Jayanthi, special diet is supplied at an additional cost of Rs.5 per inmate. Two sets of clothes are distributed every year along with free dhoties and sarees during Pongal festival. Every year Micro Cellular rubber footwear and mats are supplied. Plates and tumblers are supplied once in five years and blankets are supplied once in three years. Text books and Note Books are also given to the children of inmates from Std-I to Std-XII.
Inmates are given medical assistance by the Medical Officers. Funds are allotted to each Home to meet the financial expenditure on the following items:-
Further a sum of Rs.500 is given to perform funeral rites.
4.43 Government Care Camp, Melpakkam
The Tamil Nadu Prevention of Beggary Act was enacted in the year of 1945. The Government Care Camp at Melpakkam was started on 1-3-1954 with a strength of 950 members (Males 770+Females 180). The Beggars convicted by the Judicial Magistrates are kept in the Home. They are provided with free boarding, lodging, clothing, medical facilities and also given training in various trades like weaving, carpentry, pottery and tailoring.
Two towels, two sets of shirts and shorts to the male inmates and two sets of sarees and blouses to the female inmates are supplied once in a year. Apart from this, free dhoties and sarees are supplied on the Pongal Day. On completion of conviction period, they are sent back to their native place.
4.44 Distribution of Colour Television Sets
The programme of distribution of Colour Television Sets, free of cost to the families, who do not have Television Sets, was inaugurated in September, 2006. Accordingly, the inmates of all 10 Government Rehabilitation Homes were given Colour Television sets. 419 Nos. of 14” Colour Television sets and 104 Nos. of 21” Colour Television sets were distributed in the 10 Homes. Further, 2 Nos. of 21” Colour Television sets were distributed to the Care Camp, Melpakkam for the benefit of inmates.
4.45 Constitution of Disabled Welfare Board
The Government has established a separate welfare board for disabled to ensure the continuing governmental attention and assistance for the disabled in the future and a separate Bill will be introduced in this current session of the Legislative Assembly.
DETAILED LIST OF LIST OF NEW SCHEMES FOR THE YEAR 2007-2008 (Rupees in Lakhs)
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